Emotionally Abusive Relationships - Common Behaviors and Tactics Abusers Use

There is currently not a single, clear-cut definition of emotional abuse. Emotional abuse is instead defined by a set or combination of traits, acts or behaviors that are designed to control and dominate another human being through the use of fear, guilt, intimidation, humiliation or manipulation.

It is important to remember that a single incident does not constitute abuse. Abuse is a pattern of behavior that occurs over time. It is repetitive, sustained and usually progressive.


Emotional abuse is silent, insidious and extremely dangerous to the victim. It slowly and systematically wears away at the victim's soul. It erodes self-worth, confidence, trust, faith and the ability to have confidence in one's own perceptions.

Emotional abuse is also harmful to a person's physical health. Typically people in abusive relationships don't eat or sleep properly and can suffer from stress-related conditions such as chronic fatigue, anxiety attacks, depression, high blood pressure, peptic ulcers, poor immune function, migraines, alcoholism and smoking-related respiratory aliments.

Here is an extensive list with brief notes about common behaviors and tactics abusers use to control and manipulate his/her partner. It is important to understand that you don't have to experience ALL of these to be abused. ANY of these behaviors, either alone or in combination, which are part of a "repeated pattern", are abusive!

> Extreme jealousy: not only of other men/women but of friends, family, work and even children
> Isolation: keeping you from family, friends and other sources of emotional support
> Emotional withholding: will not share his/her feelings and is not aware, receptive or sensitive to yours, the silent treatment
> Lack of intimacy: doesn't hold your hand or cuddle
> Verbal abuse: insults, yelling, name-calling, shame, sarcasm, or threats
> Humiliation: public criticism, reminding you of embarrassing moments
> Threats: verbal threats such as "you will be sorry", physical threats such as throwing or breaking things > Lies: including withholding information, telling half-truths or rearranging the facts
> Mixed messages: tell you he/she loves you, but treats you badly
> Dependence: threats of loss of financial security, or tries to convince you that you are no good without him, nobody else will want you
> Fear: an unspoken understanding that there will be bad consequences if you don't do what he/she wants > Raging: yelling, screaming, punching walls, breaking things
> Sexual coercion: using guilt, shame, physical force or drugs in order to have sexual relations
> Blame: says it's your fault when he/she mistreats you, says you are responsible for how he/she feels
>Secret-keeping: acts differently in public than in private
>Spiritual abuse: using religious teachings to justify demands for submission or conformity.
>Physical violence: slapping, punching, kicking, grabbing, pinching, pushing, biting, choking

Emotionally Abusive Relationships - Common Behaviors and Tactics Abusers Use

Rachel Edwards is a researcher in evolutionary genetics. She was raised in an alcoholic home and moved from that directly into an abusive marriage. With the combined knowledge gained from many college courses in psychology, addiction, and social/behavioral sciences and her own experiences in therapy and on the road to recovery she just recently left her abusive marriage after 25 years. You can visit her blog at http://emotionalabuseandthesoul.blogspot.com/

Effective Marketing Strategy in Retail

The retail sector is one of the most competitive in the business world, and so effective marketing strategy is needed in order to be successful. However, many retailers get caught up in the day-to-day running of their companies and don't use all their business strategy expertise to push their business forward. If you are in the retail business, then you need to wake up and think carefully about your current marketing strategy. If you don't you could find yourself trailing behind the competition and losing business to other retailers. If you want to improve your retail marketing strategy, then here is some advice to get you started.

Use the Internet


With the Internet increasing in popularity all the time, it is extremely important to use Internet marketing as a way to improve market share. In order to improve your access to customers, create a web site where customers can view your merchandise and possibly buy products online. Selling your products online is a great way of expanding your business without having to spend lots of money on new premises or retail locations. However, if you don't want to develop online business, then you can still advertise your business online. Effective marketing strategy should use all mediums available to improve business exposure, and with online advertising a low cost and effective medium it makes sense to take advantage of the opportunity.

Offer a promotion

Retail business is extremely competitive, and so even the smallest of promotions can give you an edge over your competitors. Your business strategy should be to come up with regular and innovative promotions to entice customers into your store. These promotions can range from offering a free gift with certain products to a competition entry when certain items are purchased. If you keep your marketing strategy fresh with new promotions then you will definitely remain competitive and will attract customers to your products.

Signage and storefront are important

Although you can use plenty of complex marketing strategy techniques to attract customers, nothing is simpler and more effective than having a bold and effective storefront and signage. If you have a shop window, then keep the displays up to date and imaginative. Change the display each season and alter your sign every few years to keep things looking good. However, make sure that you keep the signage them constant so that your brand and store are easily recognisable. Make sure your sign can be seen from as far a distance as possible. Sometimes, the simplest marketing strategies are the best, and keeping your store bright and attractive is one such method.

Ask customers what they want

Your marketing strategy ideas might be great, but if you really want to improve your business then you need to ask the people that matter most - the customers. Effective marketing strategy should always begin by asking customers what sort of products, services and promotions they want. This will give you a better idea of how to market your products and improve your customer base. If there is one thing you should learn about effective business strategy, it is to listen to your loyal customers and then cater to their needs through effective marketing strategy.

Effective Marketing Strategy in Retail

Julie-Ann Amos is a freelance business writer on business and property investment, and owner of exquisitewriting.com She recommends http://www.singingpig.co.uk as one of the most effective sources of information for small businesses and property investment. Their property investment forum is a place to find information hard to locate elsewhere.

Significant Problems Encountered in Implementing a New Strategy in a Business

''Strategy is defined as the determination of the basic long-term goals and objectives of an enterprise, and the adoption of courses of action and the allocation of resources necessary for carrying out those goals'' Chandler(1962)

Strategy is a process and could be considered in fewer than three stages. These are: strategic analysis; this is the stage where through analysis the strategist identifies the opportunities threats, strengths and weaknesses in the environment; the strategic formulation stage, where a choice is made and the strategy implementation stage is the stage where the strategy is translated into action.


Implementing a strategy or strategy implementation is defined as "the translation of strategy into organisational action through organisational structure and design, resource planning and the management of strategic change".

Analysing the definition, it becomes obvious that strategy implementation is somewhat complex. Therefore, the successful implementation of a strategy would be how well the various components in carrying it out are successfully integrated and interact.

To identify significant problems encountered in implementing a new strategy in a business, a critical look at the components to be applied in implementing the strategy would be a good pointer. These are considered below: Organisational structure and design; and strategy implementation; translating the strategy into organisational action by using the structure of the organization will also be dependent on the type of structure in use in the organization. This is so because the needs of a multinational organization are different from those of a small business. It is also possible that the extent of devolution or centralisation can influence strategy implementation.

For example using a matrix structure which often takes the forms of product and geographical divisions or functional and divisional structures operating in tandem; the time taken for decisions to be made may be much longer than in more conventional structures. The organisational structure and design aspect of the strategy implementation deals with how the human resources in the organization are mobilised and organised to bring about the corporate strategy. The main significant problems encountered through the usage of organisational aspect in strategy implementation is the fact that most of the employees can leave the firm if they feel that they are being 'used' in actual fact if they are not motivated. This is particularly so where the CEO or senior management imposes the strategy on the employees.

Another problem encountered here is the way and manner information is passed down or up the ranks. If there is a blockage which impedes the flow of information processes it means that decisions would be made based on outdated or obsolete information. This can be solved by devolving the central command for easy flow of information among all rank and files especially in implementing a new strategy in a business. Recognition must be given to organisational structure and design's set up where operational and strategic decisions are made, there should be compromise if implementing a new strategy will succeed in any business.

The next aspect in strategy implementation - resource planning sets out resources and competences need to be created. It deals with the identification of resources needed and how those resources will be deployed and controlled to create the competences needed to implement the strategies successfully. This resource configuration is dependent on: protecting unique resources i.e. where a strategy depends on the uniqueness of a particular resource such as patent; and it must be protected; by legal means; fitting resources together, (mix resources to create competence) business process re-engineering (to create a dynamic improvement in performance) and exploiting experience by learning and improving continuously to improve competence.

One of the major problems of strategy implementation as a result of resource planning is a failure to translate statements of strategic purpose, such as gaining market share into critical factors that will make the purpose achievable and ultimately achieved. This a critical success factor analysis can be pursue as a start in resource planning. For example a definite timetable might be needed for an organization trying to introduce, say a new product for Christmas. A detailed examination of the timing has to be done if production and its marketing would be a success; as well as the allocation of funds for this undertaking. The problem here is that due to the non-uniformity in the times needed for the various activities, it is difficult to know where to start.

Scholes et Johnson (1999) writes that the circularity of the problem is quite usual in developing a plan of action, and raises the question of where to start - with a market forecast, an available level of funds, a production-level constraint, or what? The answer is that it may not matter too much where the starting point is, since the plan will have to be reworked and readjusted several times. A useful guideline is to enter the problem through what appears to be the major change area. An organization planning new strategies of growth may well start with an assessment of market opportunity. Someone starting a new business may will begin with a realistic assessment of how much capital they might have available.

Critical path analysis is recommended for strategies which have detailed planning of implementation. Another problem envisaged is the conflict arising among departments on the allocation of funds especially where money is involved in the implementation of the new strategy.

The next component in the implementation stage of the strategy is the management of strategic change. It is widely accepted that strategic change builds on four underlying premises:

1.There is a clear view within an organization of the strategy to be followed.
2.Change will not occur unless there is a commitment to change
3.The approach to managing strategic change is likely to be context dependent.
4.Change must address the powerful influence of the paradigm and cultural web on, the strategy being followed by the organization.

There are two types of change - incremental change-which merely builds on the skills, routines and beliefs of those in the organization, so that change is efficient and likely to win their commitment, and transformational change - which requires the organization to change its paradigm over time. It could be a change in routine (''the way of doing things around here''. It could also be a change in strategy that will necessitate the change. Although the implementation of strategy concerns the changing aspect of organization structure, control systems and resource planning which does affect the day-to-day operations of members of the organization; people's behaviours and perceptions may not have changed.

To effect a successful strategy implementation, management must also adopt appropriate styles to manage the change processes. For example, it there is a problem in managing change based on misinformation, or lack of information, education and communication style will be used. This involves the explanation of the reasons for and means of strategic change. Collaboration or participation involving those who will be affected by strategic change in the identification of strategic issues; intervention, direction and coercion styles.

Associated with management of strategic change is the problem of change management. It becomes absolutely difficult to manage the change which comes about as a result of the implementation. For example some managers will lose their position as a result of the change (delayering) others might be made redundant as a result of do upsizing others might still lose their job titles or position which they cherished most as a result of business process re-engineering. This will demotivate the staff and the organization may lose some competent staff. Others may have to be retrained to take up new positions or demoted if they are to remain in the organization. This kind of problem can be avoided if management adopts a participatory style of leadership and get the staff involve from the formulation to the implementation stages of the strategy.

In conclusion, it could be expedient to point out that just as there are numerous definitions of strategy, its implementation style might differ and so might its attendant problems and solutions. Nevertheless, since implementation involves the controlling of others behaviours and sometimes perceptions and culture, most problems would be human-related and probably possible solutions would be dependent on management style and behaviour of the leadership in terms of structure and availability and allocation of resources.

Significant Problems Encountered in Implementing a New Strategy in a Business


Cole, G.A (2000) Strategic Management, 2nd Edition, Continuum, London.
Drucker, P.F (1993) the Practice of Management; Butterworth and Heinemann, Oxford.

Large-Mouth Bass Tactics - Best Lures For Memorable Fishing

How Large-mouth Bass Tactics Can Improve Your Catch

Large-mouth Bass Tactics consists of arsenal of different lures, tackle and approaches depending on many factors that may affect your fishing. Mid to late spring bass can be caught with plastic worms, jigs, spinner-baits, crank-baits, and top-water lures. Bass seek the comfort of cooler, deep water in late spring, summer, and early fall, and plastic worms are probably more effective than all other lures combined, at these times.Options include minnows, or crayfish as well as small spinners and a wide variety of small surface lures. Even anglers most often fish for large-mouth bass with lures such as plastic worms (and other plastic baits), crank-baits and spinner-baits, jigs are known as one of the best bass lures for catching those big bass.


Tackle for fishing with lures could include a 5-1/2' to 7 ' spinning or bait-casting rod and reel with 6 to 12 pound mono-filament. Fly fishing tackle could include a 9' to 11' bass fly rod with fast taper fitted with a fly reel fitted with a #7 to #9 floating line and a 6 to

8 pound leader.

To get a reflex strike you need one of two types of lures: either a crank bait or a spinner-bait. In fact, while many people think that it takes big lures to catch big fish, I caught 12 bass in excess of 10 pounds on small spinner one summer. When it comes to top water lures they are effective in the "salad", areas of heavy vegetation, and can produce some explosive strikes.Large-mouth bass are cover-oriented fish. Although you might catch the occasional one out in the open, you will catch many more if you focus on structure.Catching this fish with live bait can be extremely effective but as you may know if you've fished for large-mouth bass, they're tough to catch because they not always easily fooled.

The Large-mouth Bass is the most popular game-fish in the United States. It's usually spawning between mid-April and mid-June. The widespread distribution of that magnificent species translates into fishing opportunities for anglers all across the N. America.The reason for their popularity is that large-mouth bass are aggressive and intense, and fishing for them is truly thrilling. So Large-mouth Bass Tactics have to be adapted to different water conditions: time of the year, weather, vegetation, water temperature etc.

Large-Mouth Bass Tactics - Best Lures For Memorable Fishing

Gavin Mur is true fishing enthusiast. He spent last 15 years exploring various lakes and rivers fishing for all kind of fish species, but one took special place in his hart. That's why he is presenting Large-mouth Bass Tactics to share his knowledge and experiences with other fishing fans.

To complement your fishing experience visit Largemouth bass tactics and find out what spark his passion for this magnificent fish.

What Is Your Computer Repair Strategy?

As a computer user, are your Reactive or Proactive when your computer has a problem?

On a side note: In the IT (Information Technology) world computers don't have problems they have Issues. (Something I think everyone should know).


Reactive: Your computer has an Issue (problem) where a device (hardware) has failed. You immediately call your local repair shop, or bug the IT Department at work, or call a knowledgeable friend/cousin/nephew to fix the problem. You don't know what a back up is and if you do it is about two years old. You may lose all your data.

Proactive: You have done some research in to do it yourself computer repair. You have the hand tools you would need to remove and replace a failed device. You have acquired the necessary software to assist in fixing software problems with the Operating System or the installed software. You have also read up on (and maybe have the books) what makes a computer work and can identify most of the parts in the computer. If it fails or has an Issue you can either fix it or find the correct procedure to fix it with in a few minutes.

A reactive user will spend a lot of time trying to find someone to fix their Issue, and then spend more time and money having it fixed. (This is ok because they help me pay my mortgage every month and I am looking at buying a Corvette soon).

A proactive user says: Let it happen, I will fix it! (No worries, and there goes the Corvette).

What does a proactive computer user need that the reactive user would not prepare for?

First is knowledge, finding where the advice/information is located, being able to use that knowledge when needed.

A few sources of this knowledge are:

  • The IT Department at work
  • A library
  • The internet
  • DIY manuals

One of the problems with using a library or the internet is the jargon or as I like to call it Geekese. Being able to decode what the author of the repair article has written is time consuming at best, next to impossible for the most people.

How do you over come this knowledge barrier?

You could spend a few months at the local college and take some computer science classes. This would help a little but if you really wanted to know what these geeks were talking about you would have to join one of their cliques or hang out at one of their haunts like a forum online or the local coffee shop (they still go there don't they?).

Of course you could bug your companies IT Department every time you had a problem, err Issue but that would get old in short time.

So you are down to the last resort: Do It Yourself manuals.

These manuals range from the beginner to the expert. From a beginner's series to the Technical Manual that engineers use.

Which one is right for you?

One of the problems with the library and the internet is that the books and articles are written for people that understand the subject matter. That is, it is written by a person knowledgeable in the computer field and will for the most part use computer jargon and nomenclature for the text. (Geekese for Geeks, I just did it in this paragraph.)

A Proactive user would have to find repair manuals written in everyday language by someone that has the time and inclination to translate the Geekese to plain language. That is not an easy task but it has been done a few times.

For those that are just getting a computer then a beginner's series of books would be a good starting point.

For those that are some what computer literate and feel the need to save some time and money there are Do It Yourself books, e-books, e-courses, and checklists available. (An e-book is a file that can be read on any type of computer or document reader such as a Kindle, iPad, or Nook)

As a retired Systems Admin with over 20 years IT experience I have written a series of Do It Yourself books, e-books, e-courses, and checklists for anyone wanting to do the Proactive DIY computer repair, already translated from the normal computer jargon in to everyday language.

What Is Your Computer Repair Strategy?

Monte Russell is a 20 plus year computer technician has four web sites and a blog that he enjoys working on. See http://www.diy-computer-repair.com/all-e-books.html for the five DIY e-books. The web site also has numerous e-courses, Q and A Hardware forum, a blog, and the monthly newsletter that is always intriguing, full of insights about computing.

To see a list of the necessary software this page lists all the tools you would need in your IT Tool Box: http://www.diy-computer-repair.com/IT-tool-box.html

Promotional Ideas For Your Small Auto Detailing Business

There are various marketing tactics that a business can utilize in order to achieve success. For your auto detailing business, you have to take advantage of these strategies. You need to maximize on each, especially those that will not need you to lay all your marketing budget on the table. Proper understanding of each marketing strategy available is important so you can develop your plans around them. Print advertisements, business collaboration, cross-promotion and online promotion are just few of the methods that you can use for your auto detailing business. These are discussed below:

Ideas on How to Promote an Auto Detailing Business


o Distribute print advertisements. Print materials are among the most effective means of conveying advertising message across to customers. But you can deviate from the norms of distributing prints like flyers, brochures and business cards. For your flyers, for example, you can skip the old technique of putting copies on windshields. Instead, create a list of people who own vehicles and might need detailing soon. Send out your prints to these people through mail or by hand carrying them to their mailboxes. Just be sure to design your copies in a way that people will be compelled to read and keep them.

o Take advantage of holidays. Delight your customers by letting them know that your business is a friend to them. Surprise them with auto detailing postcards during holidays. Hand-written the message, if possible, to make your prints more personal. Also, you can remind them when it's time for them to have their cars checked.

o Collaborate with other businesses. Car dealerships and auto repair shops are businesses which are related but not in direct competition to your business. These businesses can help you get new clients through referrals. Some car dealerships might even hire you to detail their vehicles. This is common with used car dealerships.

o Look for cross-promotion opportunities. Aside from referrals, business related to you can give you cross-promotion opportunities. For example, you can ask a mechanic to hand out your print advertisements to their customers, especially those who need detailing. In exchange for this, you can also promote their business to your clients. You can also ask the store where you get your supplies for cross-promotion. You can ask to leave stacks of your flyers or brochures on their counters in exchange for displaying theirs in your shop.

o Join car shows and exhibits. Events like these are good place to promote your auto detailing business. You can set up a booth and perform auto detailing demos. You can also hung copies of posters and banners showing before and after photos of your past detailing projects. There are also plenty of opportunity for you to distribute brochures, business cards and flyers during these events.

o Sponsor contests. You can also sponsor local and simple car wash or car detailing contests. This is a good way to warm your business to clients because you are doing something good for the community.

o Have a web presence. Don't be left out and do some online promotion. You can set up a blog or website or join social networking sites. Joining forums and online community for auto enthusiasts is also good.

These are some ideas you can use to promote your auto detailing business. You can start executing these within your locality and expand your reach once you are ready. Just do not forget to do follow up and assessments on each strategy you execute.

Promotional Ideas For Your Small Auto Detailing Business

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Common Ways to Win the Lottery - Improving the Probability to Win the Lottery

If you want to find out ways to win the lottery, then read this article. It will give you tips on how to increase the probability to win the lottery.

Since it was developed, lotto games have been getting popular because of the big jackpot prizes it gives to the winners. Some would say that winning in lottery is impossible because you are betting on a number combination that has one in over a hundred million chances of coming out. But then again, you can increase the probability to win lottery if you know what you need to do.


You can develop a technique on how to pick out numbers that will increase the odds of winning. Some people would choose to make a number combination based on birthdays of loved ones or significant dates that happened in their lives. If doing this makes you really lucky, then it is good to follow your instinct and bet based on these dates. There are many gamblers who create winning combinations based on dates and have practically have the heart.

Other people have other ways to win lottery. Some would gather all the winning combinations from previous games or draws. They will use these combinations to make their own analysis. The will observe the patterns and get the numbers that are frequently seen in these combinations. Then they will use the new combinations bet in the next lottery games. Some would also study a series of games and then they will make their own strategies based on that. What they do is most likely a trial and error. They will make a strategy now and then if it doesn't work out they will try another one. This is a good and fun way on how to play lottery games.

Some people would even get number combinations from astrological advices. There are people that strongly believes in the alignment of stars and constellations and how it affects human lives. This is why they read their horoscopes and formulate a lotto number combinations from the lucky numbers that these horoscopes are giving them.

Whatever method of picking numbers you have, it is always wise not to change your numbers more often. You have to stick to a certain combination for a few weeks or if possible for a few months. It might come out. When it is taking too long for your combination to come out, then you can change your numbers right then. You can always develop ways to win lottery and make sure that when you develop this strategies, you are still having fun.

Common Ways to Win the Lottery - Improving the Probability to Win the Lottery

If want to use the best ways to win lottery that will allow you to earn more money, then get insider tips and visit http://www.LotteryCircle.com.

6-a-Side Football Tactics

While most 6-a-side football games are generally won by the team with the highest fitness levels (because they can chase the ball more and track back into defense a lot quicker) and the team with the best football skills (since they can dribble round opponents better and pass the ball more sharply), tactics can play a huge part in determining the outcome. Improving your tactics is one of the best ways to upset the odds, and is the best way to improve your chances of winning if you're the clear underdogs.

In a game where both teams' ability is identical, the more tactically astute team will always win. That being said, it is no good simply knowing about tactics if you can't (and don't know how to) implement them.


Since you are only playing with 5 men (plus one goalie), the best tactics that I have found (through several years of playing 6-a-side football) are to play a 2-1-2 formation. That means that you have 2 men in defence (that rarely, if ever stray from their positions), 1 man in midfield (who links the play whilst providing support for the attack and cover for the defence) and 2 strikers up front.

The strikers also play a very important part in defending, since they must 'defend from the front'. This means that whenever the opposing team's backline has the ball they need to putting them under pressure so that they have no time or space to pick a pass to one of their attackers.

6-a-Side Football Tactics

David has been writing articles for nearly 4 years. Come visit his latest websites about the gold money clip and his other website about glass coffee mug [http://www.glasscoffeemug.net].